Urad Chika dal, scientifically called Vigna mungo, is a lentil most commonly used in South Indian households. It is also called Urd bean, Urad bean, Black lentil, Black matte bean, Mungo bean in English, and Urad dal in Hindi. Vigna mungo seeds are mainly a staple food, and the dehulled and split seeds (dhal in Hindi) are typical dishes in South Asia. It can be found in Asia, Madagascar, and Africa too.
Vigna mungo is a hairy and bushy, annual plant that has an elaborate taproot. The stem is highly branched from the base. The plant is cultivated for its edible seeds in tropical countries, especially in Asia.