Legume seeds are referred to as ‘poor man’s meat’ and rightly so. They are an excellent source of proteins, bioactive compounds, minerals, and vitamins. The mung bean (Vigna radiata), commonly referred to as Moong dal in India, is one of the most important edible legume crops. It is cultivated and consumed mainly in Asian countries like China, Bangladesh, Pakistan, India, and some Southeast Asian countries. It is also grown in the dry regions of Europe and warmer parts of Canada and the United States.
It contains a balanced amount of nutrients, and its combination with cereals has been recommended to increase the quality of protein.1 In the Chinese book Ben Cao Qui Zen, it is stated to be beneficial for digestive upset and skin moisturization.
Nutritional Value of Moong Dal:
Moong dal is rich in high-quality proteins with high digestibility and is an excellent source of carbohydrates, vitamins, minerals, fibre, and essential fatty acids.
|Nutrient||Percentage content (%)|
|Vitamin A||89 IU (international unit)3|
Properties of Moong Dal:
The presence of bioactive compounds and macro and micronutrients may be responsible for the potential properties that Moong dal might exhibit, some of which are listed below:
It might have an anti-inflammatory (decreases swelling) potential
It may act as an antioxidant
It may be an anti-diabetic (helps to control blood sugar)
It might help in lowering high blood pressure
It may act as an anti-hyperlipidemic (helps to control cholesterol and reduces the blood lipid levels) agent
It might have an anti-cancer potential
It might act as an anti-microbial agent
It may be a probiotic (promotes the growth of good bacteria)4
It might have liver-protective properties1
Potential uses of Moong Dal:
Potential use of Moong dal for infections:
Moong dal being nutrient-rich might show effects against various microorganisms, including bacteria, fungi, and viruses. Various studies have shown that Moong dal might have a potential effect on many species of bacteria and this property of it is comparable to Erythromycin, a commonly used antibiotic.4 It has also shown activity against Helicobacter pylori, a bacteria causing stomach infections.2
Its possible effectiveness against fungal infections is comparable to that of Fluconazole, a drug that is commonly used to treat a fungal infection called candidiasis.4 One of the researches also showed that Mung Bean Sprouts from Moong dal might be helpful as an antiviral and prophylactic agent against Respiratory Syncytial virus and Herpes Simplex virus infections.4 However, more studies are required and a doctor should be consulted for infections.
Potential use of Moong dal for diabetes:
Moong dal might help to lower blood glucose levels by apparently decreasing the absorption of glucose from the small intestines. A study showed that green gram flour, i.e. Moong dal flour might help in the control of blood sugar levels. Another study was conducted by Lou et al. in 2016, which clearly explained that the presence of certain phenolic compounds might be what helps moong dal lower blood sugar levels.4 There is a requirement for more studies in this area. Therefore, you should consult a doctor for the diagnosis and treatment of diabetes as it is a serious condition.